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The Invention of LASIK

In 1978, doctors in the United States began performing a procedure called Radial Keratotomy, RK. This technique entailed several corneal incisions to shape and correct refractive errors. It helped individuals with conditions like nearsightedness and astigmatism to become less dependent on their glasses.

As time progressed, surgeons eventually stopped using sutures to re-attach the cornea, and in the late 1980s began using the hinged technique that is still practiced today. With this method, the cornea isn’t completely detached from the eye but left on as a flap, which carries a lower risk of complications and shorter healing time. The development of an automated microkeratome was instrumental in furthering the procedure, as it allowed for even more precise incisions.

Additionally, the 1980s saw the development of the excimer laser, which was originally intended for use in making computer chips but was found to be especially helpful in precisely removing tissue during refractive surgery techniques. This method was found to be considerably safer and more effective than RK.

In 1995, the Food and Drug Administration approved a procedure called photorefractive keratectomy, known commonly as PRK, after a successful three-year trial on 1,600 eyes. This flattened the cornea with a laser to treat nearsightedness, and has been used in the U.S. and Canada since 1987.

Modern-day LASIK 

The LASIK we know and love today consists of a combination of excimer laser technology and surgical incisions using a microkeratome. During this process, a surgeon uses the microkeratome to cut a corneal flap, and then corrects the shape of the tissue underneath with the laser. The flap is then put back in place and acts as a natural bandage while the eye heals. This method has become the most popular method of refractive surgery because it provides effective results and a short healing time.

Now, healthcare providers are able to customize treatment for each patient, taking into account their degree and type of vision impairment as well as the topography of their eyes. LASIK surgery has become relatively common and a popular option for vision correction. Of course, the success of this form of vision correction lies heavily on whether a patient is a good candidate, and continued education on the doctor’s part is key to determining patient readiness, among other factors. As LASIK technologies develop further, it is important for both healthcare providers and prospective patients to stay informed on the benefits of laser-assisted vision correction. If you are considering LASIK in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule a consultation withDr. Boozalis.

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Qualifications of LASIK Doctors

Choosing your LASIK doctor is one of the most important decisions you will make during your LASIK journey. LASIK doctors are highly skilled ophthalmologists that specialize in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual system. 

Ophthalmologists are eye physicians and eye surgeons. They can be either Doctors of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctors of Osteopathy (D.O.). Typically, eye doctors who perform LASIK surgery must have completed four years of pre-medical undergraduate education, four years of medical school, one year of internship and three or more years of specialized medical and surgical training in eye care as a resident in Ophthalmology. Many then attend specialized fellowship training in order to become specialists in diseases and surgery of the cornea, diseases and surgery of the retina or refractive surgery so they can become LASIK specialists. 

Not all LASIK surgeons are equal. The following list of qualifications can help you determine which LASIK doctor will best suit your needs:

  • Licensing: State licensing boards can validate a surgeon’s credentials. 
  • Board certification: It is a good sign if your surgeon is board certified. Ask if your surgeon is certified beyond having a basic license to practice medicine. This means that an entity recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties has certified the surgeon to practice their specialty. The American Board of Ophthalmology is one such entity that requires board-certified physicians to complete specific training and continuing education related to their specialty.
  • Equipment: What kind of technology does the surgeon use, and do you have a choice as to the type of technology? 
  • Patient satisfaction: What is the vision doctor’s success rate? Of course, you will want to select a surgeon with a low rate of complications, but be wary of a provider who advertises a 100% success rate and is unable to back up those claims with objective data.
  • Results: Does your provider offer a lifetime commitment on their results, including adjustments at no additional cost to eligible patients? Because every case is unique, be sure to discuss your expectations with your LASIK doctor prior to your surgery.

The key to successful LASIK surgery lies in the experience and care of the surgeon. Your eyes are delicate, so it’s important for you to choose a LASIK surgeon who is not only qualified but who you trust with your vision. Experienced, board certified Dr. Boozalis in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca would love to meet with you to discuss your options for LASIK surgery. ContactVictoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule your free consultation.  

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How Popular is LASIK?

LASIK has been a popular vision correction procedure for more than 20 years. LASIK uses a laser to reshape your cornea — the clear, round dome at the front of your eye — to improve the way your eye focuses light rays onto your retina, resulting in better vision. 

There are many reasons why LASIK is so popular, including:

Quick and Easy Procedure – LASIK surgery takes 10 to 15 minutes for each eye. Generally, both eyes are done during the same procedure. LASIK is an outpatient procedure, allowing patients to return home to rest following their surgery.

High Success Rate – Almost all patients who have LASIK end up with 20/20 vision or better.

Quick Recovery – When your procedure is complete, you will already notice improved vision. You should rest for the remainder of the day of your surgery but can return to normal activities the following day. The full recovery time for LASIK is a few months, and your vision will continue to improve during this time. 

Improved Lifestyle – Many daily activities become easier when you don’t have to mess with glasses or contact lenses. 

Lasting Results – The improvement of vision from LASIK typically lasts for many, many years, even decades. Most LASIK patients will enjoy clear vision until they are much older. 

Rarely, some patients will experience decreased vision after LASIK and may opt for a LASIK enhancement. This usually occurs 5 to 10 years after the initial LASIK procedure.

Affordability – Unfortunately, LASIK is an elective surgery that insurance generally won’t cover. The cost per eye is between 1,500 and 2,500 dollars on average. However, when you compare the cost of glasses and/or contact lenses year after year, LASIK is a much more affordable choice.

If you’re unsure about how to afford LASIK, consider medical financing, using a tax refund, a flexible spending account or health savings account if you have one.

If you’d like to find out if LASIK is a good option for your vision needs, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule a consultation with Dr. Boozalis.

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What Happens if You Blink During Cataract Surgery?

If the lens inside your eye has become cloudy, you may want to consider cataract surgery. During cataract surgery in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, Dr. Boozalis removes the cloudy lens and replaces it with an artificial lens (called an intraocular lens – IOL) to restore clear vision. The procedure is typically performed on an outpatient basis and does not require an overnight stay in a hospital or other care facility. The procedure itself usually lasts less than 15 minutes and is virtually painless. 

Cataract surgery patients often worry about what may happen if they blink during the procedure. Although this is an understandable concern, there is no need to worry. 

You will be given an oral medication prior to the procedure to help you relax during your surgery. Before you are taken into surgery, the area around your eye will be cleansed, and drops will be put into your eye to dilate the pupil. Once you are settled, Dr. Boozalis will begin by putting numbing eye drops in your eye. The eye drops act as an anesthetic. As you blink, the drops spread over your eye, numbing the surface. This allows you to feel no pain or discomfort during the surgery. When the eye is completely numb, an instrument will be used to hold your eye open while the procedure is completed. This instrument ensures that you will not blink during cataract surgery. 

Cataract surgery is one of the safest, most successful surgeries involving the eye. Most people notice a significant improvement in their vision and can resume everyday activities within 24 hours after the surgery. However, depending on which intraocular lens you have implanted, it can take between two to six months to completely adjust and for you to achieve your optimal vision. Because IOLs are made of durable material, it’s rare that they need to be replaced.

To learn more about cataract surgery in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, contact Victoria Eye Center to schedule a cataract surgery consultation. Call 800-833-0234 or visit Website to schedule your appointment today!

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Does LASIK Require Anesthesia?

When you think of having a surgical procedure, you typically will associate anesthesia as part of that experience. LASIK is not like most surgical procedures because general anesthesia is not necessary. While some patients may prefer the idea of being “put to sleep” for the duration of their procedure, it is actually very important that LASIK patients be alert and able to follow directions during the surgery. During LASIK treatment in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, Dr. Boozalis will need the patient to stare at a light for about 60 seconds while the laser works. A steady visual fixation on the light is critical for the most accurate results.

Many patients fear that being awake during LASIK means that they will feel everything that is happening. Rest assured that you will feel nothing more than a light pressure on your eye if you feel anything at all. 

In addition to the numbing eye drops, you will be given a mild oral sedation so although awake, you will feel relaxed. 

Before the LASIK procedure begins, patients may be offered a very mild oral sedative. This sedative will help you feel relaxed while remaining awake. Patients will then be given anesthetic eye drops that numb the eyes. These eye drops feel just like the type that you’d normally use to lubricate dry eyes but contain a numbing agent so that you shouldn’t feel anything except light pressure during your LASIK procedure.  

Following the procedure, patients should not feel any pain or discomfort. At the most, patients typically feel that their eyes are somewhat scratchy or gritty, but it is exceeding rare for a patient to feel any level of post-operative pain.

The good news is that with advanced LASIK technologies and lasers, patients can expect a quick and easy procedure and outstanding vision correction results.

To learn more about the LASIK procedure and how we can help you see as clearly as possible, schedule a free LASIK consultation with Dr. Boozalis by contacting Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website.

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Are You Sedated for Cataract Surgery?

If the lens inside your eye has become cloudy, you may want to consider cataract surgery. During cataract surgery in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, Dr. Boozalis removes the cloudy lens and replaces it with an artificial lens (called an intraocular lens, IOL) to restore clear vision. The procedure is typically performed on an outpatient basis and does not require an overnight stay in a hospital or other care facility.  The procedure itself usually lasts less than 15 minutes and is virtually painless. 

Cataract surgery patients often wonder if they will be sedated for the procedure. Most cataract surgeries are performed under a local anesthetic. This means that most patients are awake during their cataract surgery. This eliminates risks associated with general anesthesia (where you are “put to sleep”) and enables Dr. Boozalis to communicate with you during your procedure.

You will be given an oral medication prior to the procedure to help you relax during your surgery. Before you are taken into surgery, the area around your eye will be cleansed, and drops will be put into your eye to dilate the pupil. An anesthetic shot or numbing eye drops will be used to make sure you’ll be comfortable throughout the surgery. You should not feel pain or discomfort during your procedure.

Cataract surgery is one of the safest, most successful surgeries involving the eye. Most people notice a significant improvement in their vision and can resume everyday activities within 24 hours after cataract surgery. However, depending on which intraocular lens you have implanted, it can take between 2 to 6 months to completely adjust and for you to achieve your optimal vision. Because IOLs are made of durable material, it’s rare that they need to be replaced.

To learn more about cataract surgery in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, contact Victoria Eye Center to schedule a cataract surgery consultation. Call 800-833-0234 or visit Website to schedule your appointment today!

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How Does the Corneal Flap Heal After LASIK?

LASIK, which stands for laser in-situ keratomileusis, is a popular surgery used to correct vision in people who are nearsighted, farsighted or have astigmatism.  One aspect of LASIK surgery that has made it such an innovative and effective procedure is the LASIK flap.

The first step of LASIK eye surgery is to partially detach a very thin layer of tissue from the cornea. This layer of tissue remains attached to the cornea on one side, creating a flap. Dr. Boozalis then uses a cool laser to alter the shape of the cornea beneath the flap. Changing the shape of the cornea corrects the vision problem that is being treated.

After the shape of the corneal tissue beneath the flap has been properly altered, the flap of tissue is set back into place. The corneal flap will self-adhere itself naturally in just a few minutes. This flap serves as a protective covering for the area of the eye that has been operated on, and thus facilitates rapid healing. The corneal flap begins healing immediately after the LASIK procedure. In fact, with the use of a LASIK flap, the corneal tissue can be as much as 90% healed within 24 hours.

During the first day or two after surgery, the outer surface of the cornea, known as the epithelium, seals the edges of the corneal flap. Over the next few weeks, natural substances inside your cornea bond the corneal flap to the underlying tissue.

While the corneal flap will be securely in place and the risk of it becoming dislodged while you heal is extremely uncommon, we recommend that you avoid rubbing your eyes, especially in the weeks and months following the procedure. 

If you suffer from nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism, LASIK might be an excellent option to improve your eyesight. In order to determine if LASIK will work well to correct your vision, you should consult with a LASIK surgeon. Dr. Boozalis, who specializes in LASIK surgery in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, will evaluate your vision, the shape of your cornea, your overall health and other factors. He will then provide a suggested course of treatment and help you decide if LASIK is right for you. Contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule a LASIK consultation.

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Why Can’t I Wear Contacts Before LASIK?

If you are a contact lens wearer who is interested in LASIK eye surgery for vision correction and to reduce your dependency on contacts, it’s important to be aware of the restrictions surrounding wearing contact lenses before your LASIK consultation. Prior to a LASIK consultation and surgery, it is vital that contact lenses not be worn for a certain period of time. This is because contact lenses can alter the shape of the cornea.

During your LASIK consultation in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, Dr. Boozalis will take measurements of your eye and will evaluate the curvature of your cornea to assess your candidacy and develop a treatment plan that fits the dimensions of your eye. If the corneal measurements during the LASIK consultation are not precise, this could compromise the accuracy of your LASIK surgery.

Prior to getting LASIK, many patients are dependent on their contacts for day-to-day vision correction. Though it might seem like an inconvenience, it’s important to follow Dr. Boozalis’s instruction to stop wearing your lenses before your initial evaluation. How long you must go without your contacts prior to your LASIK appointment will depend on what type of contact lenses you wear. Typically, if you wear soft contact lenses you will need to discontinue wearing them about two weeks prior. For toric or rigid soft lenses, the timeframe is around three weeks. For hard contact lenses, you will need to stop wearing them approximately four weeks before.

A surgical plan that is based on the most accurate measurements of your eyes will significantly increase the likelihood that you’ll be satisfied with the results of your LASIK surgery. By following all the preoperative instructions Dr. Boozalis provides, your LASIK procedure has a greater likelihood of resulting in the long-term correction you want.

If you’re ready to ditch the contacts and pursue LASIK surgery, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website today to schedule your LASIK consultation.  

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What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts?

A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens of the eye. In most cases, cataracts develop slowly and may not significantly affect eyesight. However, they can quickly begin impacting vision. Common cataract symptoms include:

Blurred Vision – The cloudy film that develops over the lens causes a gradual blurring of one’s vision. This blurring of eyesight cannot be corrected by the using of eyeglasses or artificial lenses.

Difficulty Seeing at Night – Those with cataracts tend to have difficulty seeing things in low light and especially during night time. 

Sensitivity to Light – During the very early stages of cataract development, many patients notice their eyes become increasingly sensitive to light, particularly harsh, bright light. 

Halos around Light – The presence of the cloudy film on the lens sometimes causes diffraction of light that enters the eye. This causes luminescent halos, often in different colors, to appear when viewing sources of light. 

Change in Color Perception – As a cataract advances, the protein that forms the cloudy film on the lens may turn yellow or brown. This may cause light entering the eye to be perceived as an altered hue.

Double Vision in One Eye – A common symptom of the early stages of a cataract is double vision in one eye. Not every cataract patient experienced this symptom, only those suffering from a particular type of cataract. Also, several other eye conditions may cause double vision, but cataract is amongst the few which causes it only in one eye.

Frequently Needing Stronger Glasses – If you find that you frequently need to increase your contact or glasses strength, this could be an indication that you have cataracts. Rapidly changing eyes could be signs of other conditions as well. Whether it is cataracts or something else, it is important to see a doctor if your prescription needs are frequently changing. 

Ultimately, having cataracts may interfere with your ability to carry out simple everyday activities and without treatment, cataracts may lead to permanent blindness. Fortunately, cataracts are easily treated with surgery. To learn more, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule an examination with Dr. Boozalis. 

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Will I Need to Wear Contacts After LASIK?

LASIK is a highly successful refractive surgery, helping thousands of patients eliminate their need for glasses and contacts. In fact, around 95% of people who have had LASIK vision correction surgery are pleased with their results. Of course, LASIK procedures don’t produce perfect vision for everyone. Individual results depend on several factors including the unique way your corneas respond to laser energy and how your eyes heal after surgery.

LASIK and other laser vision correction procedures reshape your eye’s front surface by removing microscopic amounts of tissue from the cornea. Occasionally, this can cause irregularities in the shape of the cornea that can make your vision less distinct after surgery than it was when you wore glasses or contact lenses before the procedure. For patients who have less-than-perfect vision after refractive surgery, most problems are quite mild and usually tolerable.

For some, these irregularities can be corrected with a follow-up laser procedure called an enhancement. But if your cornea is too thin for a second surgery, or other problems rule out an enhancement procedure, contacts after LASIK may be your best solution.

Because LASIK can significantly alter the shape of the cornea, fitting contact lenses on a post-LASIK eye is more challenging than fitting lenses on an untouched cornea. Special gas permeable or hybrid lens designs are usually recommended for people who need contacts after LASIK. 

Special computerized instruments (not needed for a regular contact lens fitting) are usually required to obtain highly accurate, point-to-point measurements of the post-surgery corneal surface to obtain the best possible fit and vision correction. These instruments, called corneal topographers or aberrometers, use the same technology that measures the cornea before LASIK.If you’ve had LASIK and are interested in contacts, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule an examination with Dr. Boozalis.

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