Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) is a complication of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) that occurs when high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina (the back of the eye). DME is the swelling of the macula (the center of the retina) caused by fluid leaking from blood vessels in the retina. The macula is the part of the eye that allows us to see fine details in our central vision.
Symptoms of Diabetic Macular Edema
In the early stages of DR or DME, you may not notice any symptoms. As the conditions worsen, you may start to experience:
- Blurry central vision
- Patchy blind spots
- Dull colors
- Wavy central vision
Treatment Options for Diabetic Macular Edema
At Victoria Eye Center, we offer two prescription medication injection treatment options for DME to help patients regain their vision:
- EYLEA® is injected into the eye to help control leakage of blood vessels into the layers of the retina. In clinical trials, patients who received EYLEA injections were able to read 10-15 additional letters on the eye chart 1-2 years after treatment.
- Lucentis® is injected into the eye to stop abnormal blood vessel growth. We are proud to be the first and only local practitioners in the Victoria area to offer this treatment to our diabetic patients. In clinical trials, patients who received LUCENTIS injections were able to read at least 3 additional lines (15 letters) on the eye chart after 24 months of treatment.
Without these types of injection treatments, it is highly unlikely that any visual improvement in DME patients would be achieved.
For patients with diabetes or diabetic eye diseases, we encourage you to schedule regular comprehensive eye exams to stay updated on your eye health. For more information about these treatment options, contact us today.