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Does LASIK Treat Nearsightedness?

Nearsightedness, medically known as myopia, is a refractive error many people are born with or develop as they age. Myopia is the most common refractive error of the eye. If you are nearsighted, you typically will have difficulty reading road signs and seeing distant objects clearly, but will be able to see well for close-up tasks such as reading and computer use. Other signs and symptoms of myopia include squinting, eye strain and headaches. Feeling fatigued when driving or playing sports also can be a symptom of uncorrected nearsightedness. Myopia is not a disease, but rather a condition. 

What Causes Myopia?

Unlike farsighted individuals, who have a shorter eyeball, myopic patients typically have a longer eyeball. This causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina, rather than directly on its surface.

Myopia also can be caused by the cornea and/or lens being too curved for the length of the eyeball. In some cases, myopia is due to a combination of these factors.

Myopia typically begins in childhood and you may have a higher risk if your parents are nearsighted. In most cases, nearsightedness stabilizes in early adulthood but sometimes it continues to progress with age.

If you’re nearsighted, the first number (“sphere”) on your eyeglasses prescription or contact lens prescription will be preceded by a minus sign (–). The higher the number, the more nearsighted you are.

Treatment Options for Nearsightedness

Myopia can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or refractive LASIK eye surgery. Depending on the degree of your myopia, you may need to wear your glasses or contact lenses all the time or only when you need very clear distance vision, like when driving or watching a movie. Refractive surgery can reduce or even eliminate your need for glasses or contacts. In LASIK — the most common refractive procedure — a thin flap is created on the surface of the cornea, a laser removes some corneal tissue, and then the flap is returned to its original position.

There are many options for nearsighted patients. Dr. Boozalis can help choose the right treatment for your unique vision needs. Contact Victoria Eye Center today at 800-833-0234 or website to learn more or to schedule a LASIK consultation. 

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Can You Have LASIK if You’re Over 40?

When a person’s near vision begins to diminish, sometime after age 40, many incorrectly assume that readers, bifocal/progressive glasses are the only options to see up close. Fortunately, this is far from the truth. Today, with the latest LASIK technology, there are several LASIK options for patients over age 40.

Everyone over 40 will eventually suffer from presbyopia – the inability to see close-up. As your body ages, the natural lens of the eye loses its flexibility. Since this is a natural condition of the lens of the eye and not the cornea, it affects everyone; from normal glasses and contact wearers, to people with perfect vision, and even people who received previous laser vision correction.

Until recently, the only solutions to the loss of reading vision were reading glasses or bifocals and progressive lenses. Thankfully, custom LASIK offers multiple solutions that can help you ditch the readers and even leave you completely glasses and contacts free!

Monovision

Most patients who receive traditional LASIK vision correction will be free from glasses until they hit their mid-forties, when presbyopia sets in. But there exists a custom LASIK procedure that can help correct both distance and reading vision. Called monovision, this procedure adjusts one eye to see things close-up, while the other eye sees things at a distance. Your brain then balances out the images for a full field of clear vision. While this may seem weird or uncomfortable, it’s actually the way our normal sight functions.

Before committing to monovision LASIK, Dr. Boozalis will have you try the concept using contact lenses to simulate the experience of monovision sight. Many people love it, but for some it may not feel quite right. For patients who decide that monovision is not the right fit for them, they can still get LASIK for their distance vision and just use cheap readers for the times when they need to see up-close. 

LASIK has helped millions of patients achieve better vision. For those 40 and over, LASIK may be a great option to improve or even correct vision. If you’re considering LASIK after 40, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule a consultation.

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What is the Average Age for Cataract Surgery?

A cataract is the clouding of the eye’s natural lens. Your eye’s natural lens is located directly behind the pupil and is made up of mostly water and protein. As you get older, the protein parts of the lens can begin to clump together. These clumps start small but grow larger over time. The bigger they get, the more they can compromise your vision. A cataract can make objects appear blurry. It can also make colors seem less bright.

Cataracts are a common condition, especially for older people. Cataracts typically begin developing in people age 40 years and older but don’t usually begin to impair vision until after age 60. However, younger people can develop cataracts, too. These juvenile cataracts (in children) can be caused by a genetic mutation that affects proteins, by metabolic disorders or by trauma (eye injury).

The symptoms of cataracts are similar to those for myopia (near-sightedness). These symptoms may begin as minor annoyances and progress over time to impair vision. You may feel symptoms in one or both eyes. They include:

  • Blurry or cloudy vision
  • Faded colors
  • Poor night vision, with halos around streetlights and car headlights
  • Light sensitivity in daylight or to bright lights at night
  • Double vision
  • Frequent changes to your prescription for glasses or contacts

Once a cataract has developed, there is no cure except to have it surgically removed. With a routine, outpatient surgical procedure in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca ,Dr. Boozalis can remove the cataract using a small incision. A synthetic intraocular lens (IOL) is usually inserted at the time of cataract extraction to replace the focusing power of the natural lens. There is no average age to have cataract surgery; the time to have the procedure is when the cataract is affecting your vision enough to interfere with your normal lifestyle.

To learn more about cataracts or to schedule a consultation for cataract surgery, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website.

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What Causes Cataracts?

A cataract is a common condition in which a normally clear eye lens becomes cloudy, causing blurry vision similar to looking through a foggy window. A cataract occurs when there is a buildup of proteins in the lens, creating protein clumps. These clumps or deposits prevent light from passing clearly through the lens, thus disrupting normal vision. 

There are several reasons why a cataract may form, including:

Aging – The eyes mainly consist of water and protein. As we grow older, some of the protein may form chunks and cloud a certain area of the eyes lens. This phenomenon is called a cataract. It may grow over time and cause partial or complete vision loss. The good news is the condition is usually treatable through cataract surgery. The process involves removing the natural lens of the eye then replacing it with an intraocular lens.

Traumatic Cataract – Another common cause of cataracts is trauma: blunt or penetrating ocular trauma, electric shock, chemical burns or ionizing radiation. A traumatic cataract can develop even years after these types of eye injuries. 

Diabetes – People with diabetes are 60% more likely to develop cataracts. The aqueous humor provides nutrients to our eye’s lens, including oxygen and glucose. A person who suffers from diabetes will not have full control of their glucose levels which may result in high levels of sugar in the aqueous humor. This can lead to swelling, simultaneously affecting vision. Likewise, the lens inside the eye has an enzyme that converts glucose into sorbitol. This sugar alcohol can affect both cells and protein and may eventually result in cataracts.

Congenital Cataract – While cataracts are normally associated with the aging process, there are instances of cataracts in newborns. These congenital cataracts can develop for a number of different reasons, including inherited tendencies, infection (such as measles or rubella), metabolic problems, diabetes, trauma, inflammation or drug reactions. 

High Blood Pressure – High blood pressure (HBP) is known to cause elevated inflammation which may result in cataracts. Aside from cataracts, HBP may also lead to age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma.

Smoking – Experts suggest that smokers have higher chances of forming cataracts than non-smokers. The toxins from cigarette smoke cause oxidation in cells, including those in the eye lens.

Excessive Alcohol Consumption – Studies have shown that high alcohol consumption significantly increases the risk of cataracts. Heavy drinking induces microsomal enzyme cytochrome in the liver. Metabolism of this element produces free radicals, which may lead to chunking together of proteins in the eye. This then leads to cataract formation 18or vision loss.

If you are experiencing any signs or symptoms of cataracts, it is important to schedule an appointment with your eye doctor as soon as possible. Cataracts are very treatable and cataract surgery is the most frequently performed surgery in the country.

Contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule an appointment with Dr. Boozalis today.

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Will I Still Need Glasses After LASIK?

Patients typically undergo laser eye surgery to reduce or completely eliminate their need for visual aids such as contact lenses and glasses. The truth is that most patients will eventually require reading glasses at some point in their future. Laser eye surgery effectively treats farsightedness, a refractive error that results in blurry near vision and the need for reading glasses. It also treats nearsightedness, a condition which causes distance vision to be blurry. Traditional laser eye surgery does not treat presbyopia, an age-related condition that also causes blurry near vision and the need for reading glasses. 

Laser eye surgery makes changes to the cornea, located in the front of your eye. Presbyopia causes natural and normal changes in the lens, located in the back of your eye.

Farsightedness and Reading Glasses

Farsightedness is a condition that is caused by a misshapen cornea. In a patient with 20/20 vision, the cornea has a round shape that reflects light directly onto the retina. In a farsighted patient, the cornea is either too flat or too short, which causes light to reflect behind the retina. As a result, farsighted patients have difficulty seeing near objects. 

When a skilled surgeon such as Dr. Boozalis performs laser eye surgery on a farsighted patient, clear vision at all distances can be achieved. For patients in their 20s and 30s, they can expect to see clearly without the need for reading glasses for many years to come.

Presbyopia and Reading Glasses

Presbyopia is an age-related condition that typically develops when patients are in their 40s. This condition will eventually affect all patients, including those who have undergone laser eye surgery. Presbyopia occurs when the interior lens thickens and loses flexibility, making it difficult for patients to focus on near objects. Because this condition is unrelated to the shape of the cornea, traditional laser eye surgery has no effect on it. To treat presbyopia, patients must wear reading glasses when viewing close objects or undergo a surgical procedure such as Refractive Lens Exchange, intraocular lens implantor Monovision LASIK.

To find out if you will likely need glasses after LASIK eye surgery, contact Victoria Eye Center to schedule a consultation with Dr. Boozalis. Call 800-833-0234 or visit website today.

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What Kind of Doctor Performs Cataract Surgery?

Cataracts are a cloudiness that forms in the normally clear lens of the eye, leading to decreased vision. Although cataracts are a leading cause of vision loss in people over the age of 40, cataract surgery options offer an easy solution to clear vision for the millions that suffer from the condition. Cataract surgery can only be performed by a specific type of eye doctor, an ophthalmologist. 

When it comes to eye care, ophthalmologists are the most trained and skilled professionals in the field. An ophthalmologist is a physician, either a doctor of medicine (MD) or doctor of osteopathy (DO), who specializes in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual system and in the prevention of eye disease and injury. 

Ophthalmologists complete 4 or more years of college premedical education, 4 or more years of medical school, 1 year of internship, and 3 or more years of specialized medical, surgical and refractive training in eye care. This education and training allows them to handle everything from simple medical exams to advanced surgical needs. Ophthalmologists can handle basic eye care situations including eye exams, providing prescriptions for eye wear and diagnosis and testing for visual disorders. They can perform cataract surgeries, LASIK vision correction, transplants and retinal detachment repair, among others. Their medical knowledge of the entire body gives them additional skills in diagnosis and treatment of conditions that originate in another place, but affect vision.

Millions of Americans have cataract surgery each year. The procedure has an overall success rate of 98% or higher, and the positive impact on patient vision is obvious. Many patients who choose laser-assisted cataract surgery report improved vision before even leaving the recovery room.

To learn more about cataract surgery in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca or to schedule an examination with Dr. Boozalis, contact us at 800-833-0234 or website today.  

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Are Patients Satisfied with LASIK?

LASIK surgery is one of the most commonly performed elective procedures in medicine today. At Victoria Eye Center, your LASIK satisfaction is our goal. Dr. Boozalis is committed to providing our patients with superior service and vision care.

LASIK has quickly become the go-to refractive procedure for those who want to improve their vision and be rid of their contact or glasses. The latest LASIK technology is incredibly precise, the procedure is quick, and most patients are highly satisfied with their results. 

An ideal candidate for LASIK is someone with healthy eyes, age 21 or older, who has not had recent significant changes in their prescription. Low to moderate amounts of nearsightedness and astigmatism are easily corrected by LASIK, but farsightedness can also be correctable. Overall, the happiest LASIK patients are those who were extremely dependent on glasses or contact lenses before their procedure. 

Most LASIK patients highly recommend their method of treatment to friends. Even though LASIK is successful in offering freedom from eyeglasses and contact lens wear for patients who want hassle-free vision, it is not right for everyone. There are a lot of things to consider prior to LASIK. In Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, Dr. Boozalis is thorough in evaluation and preoperative visits so every patient can receive a customized LASIK experience. 

LASIK and other refractive procedures evolve over time. The newest techniques and technology are faster and more accurate, which offer fewer complications and more patient comfort, leading to higher LASIK satisfaction.

If you would like more information about the LASIK procedure or to schedule a consultation with Dr. Boozalis to see if LASIK is right for you, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website today. 

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Do the Benefits Outweigh the Costs of LASIK?

LASIK surgery offers a wealth of benefits for most patients. If you’ve been considering LASIK, consider just a few of the benefits of LASIK listed below. 

Improved Vision: The primary LASIK benefit is that 95% of patients who undergo the procedure achieve 20/40 vision, the vast majority of those achieving 20/20 vision or better.  Although each patient is different, the statistics show that a significant number of those who undergo LASIK surgery vastly improve their vision. 

Long-lasting Results: Following a stabilization period of about 3 months for the eye to adjust, LASIK results are expected to be permanent. Some patients will need reading glasses as they age due to normal vision changes that occur in the aging process, as LASIK surgery does not correct those types of issues.

Quick Recovery: Another LASIK benefit is the quick recovery after the procedure.  Patients cannot drive immediately after LASIK surgery, but most patients return to normal schedules as soon as the day after the procedure. 

Safe and Quick Procedure: LASIK surgery is performed quickly, and because the skilled surgeons at Victoria Eye Center use blade-free methods, which they have found to be more accurate, the procedure is considered by many to be one of the safest surgeries performed today.  The entire procedure takes just a matter of minutes, making this another LASIK benefit.

Money Saving: One LASIK benefit that is often not considered is that the procedure saves money in the long run.  Contacts and glasses usually need to be replaced annually. The total spent for corrective lenses can reach into the tens of thousands during a patient’s lifetime.  LASIK has become more affordable over the last decade, as new technologies are developed, making it more economical to invest in LASIK surgery than continue to expend money for new glasses or contacts each year.

Life Changing: Many Victoria Eye Center patients say that the best LASIK benefit is the life change it creates for them.  Patients often say they gain confidence, and many indicate they are able to participate in many recreational activities they were unable to do before because of their need for glasses or contacts.

LASIK is an investment and is not cheap. In addition, because it is generally considered an elective procedure, insurance usually does not cover the expense. However, for most patients, the benefits far outweigh the cost of LASIK. To learn more about LASIK or to find out if LASIK is right for you, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website to schedule a consultation.

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Options for Vision Correction

Correcting refractive vision problems such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism and presbyopia (difficulty reading small print) has advanced beyond simple eyeglasses and contacts. Today, there are several vision correction methods for patients to consider. In Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, Dr. Boozalis can help you to understand your options and help to select the best vision correction solution based on your individual needs. The following are common vision correction methods:

Eyeglasses: Wearing eyeglasses is an easy way to correct refractive errors. Improving your vision with eyeglasses offers the opportunity to select from different types of lens options, frame designs and even lens coatings for various lifestyles, occupations and activities.

Contact Lenses: Contact lenses are a popular alternative to eyeglasses. Soft contact lenses offer many convenient options including colored versions, bifocals and daily disposable lenses. Extended wear contact lenses can be worn for up to 30 consecutive days and nights without care. 

LASIK: LASIK is the most popular form of refractive surgery, but there are now several other alternatives such as PRK, LASEK and Epi-LASIK. Victoria Eye Center uses the latest laser technology and expertise to customize your procedure to your unique vision needs. 

Natural Lens Replacement: Also known as refractive lens exchange or clear lens extraction, this procedure involves the removal of the natural lens within your eye and replaces it with an artificial lens, also called an intraocular lens (IOL). This allows Dr. Boozalis to provide you with a new lens that has improved focusing power, decreasing the need for glasses or contact lenses.

Phakic Lens Implant: In this procedure, the implanted lens is situated on top of the natural lens. It works by adding focusing power to your natural lens without replacing it. This procedure may be beneficial to patients who are extremely nearsighted.

To learn more about the vision correction methods we’ve discussed as well as other options, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website

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The Importance of Eye Exams

Eye exams aren’t just for people who have vision problems. An annual eye exam is important for everyone—no matter age or physical health—to maintain healthy eyes, prevent vision problems and diagnose diseases early. At Victoria Eye Center, Dr. Boozalis recommends a yearly comprehensive eye exam to all patients. The frequency of appointments may increase based on age, physical health and cases of hereditary eye conditions.

Eye examinations are an important part of health maintenance for everyone. Adults should have their eyes tested to keep their prescriptions current and to check for early signs of eye disease. For children, eye exams can play an important role in normal development and learning.

During a comprehensive eye exam in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, Dr. Boozalis will not only determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, but will also check your eyes for common eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team and evaluate your eyes as an indicator of your overall health. Here are some examples of the conditions that Dr. Boozalis will be looking for:

Refractive Error: Refractive error can be related to farsightedness, nearsightedness and astigmatism. An eye exam determines what prescription your eyes need to see properly or which laser eye surgery would work best for you.

Strabismus (crossed eye): Strabismus is defined as crossed or turned eyes. This negatively affects your depth perception. If strabismus isn’t treated, it can lead to amblyopia.

Amblyopia: Amblyopia is when one eye has a very different prescription than the other or when the eyes are turned from each other. If left untreated, amblyopia can stunt the visual development of the affected eye, resulting in permanent vision impairment. Amblyopia is often treated by patching the stronger eye for periods of time.

Eye Diseases: Many eye diseases, such as glaucoma and diabetic eye disease, have no obvious symptoms in their preliminary stages. In most cases, early detection and treatment of eye diseases can help reduce your risk for permanent vision loss. 

Other Conditions: The eyes, specifically the retina and blood vessels, can reveal signs of other health issues including high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. 

Regardless of your age or physical health, annual eye exams are important for seeing clearly, helping to detect any eye problems at their early stages when they’re most treatable and preserving your vision for life. To schedule an eye exam in Victoria, Beeville, Cuero, Hallettsville and Port Lavaca, contact Victoria Eye Center at 800-833-0234 or website

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